Causes, Symptoms and Preventive Measures of Nail Fungus
Nail fungus is an infection that gets in through cracks in your nails. Your nails may thicken, discolor and crumble at the edge when the nail fungus starts spreading. Self-care steps and medication will be of great help once the infection starts becoming painful. The problem with nail fungus is that it might come back even if the treatment is successful. Thickened nails may be a sign of nail fungus. When your nails are discolored it might mean you have nail fungus. People who suffer from nail fungus have distorted nails and their feet also smells foul.
Various fungal organisms cause fungal nail infections. Yeast and mold also cause nail infections. As the nail ages it becomes brittle and dry. This results to cracks that allow fungus to enter your nails. Nail fungus may also be caused by poor circulation of blood to the feet. Nail fungus also easily affects people with weak immune system. Nail fungus spreads very fast because it moves from one nail to the other. Walking barefoot in damp communal areas is dangerous because it causes nail fungus. When you have a minor skin or nail injury you may suffer from nail fungus.
There may be pain and permanent damage to the nails when nail fungus becomes severe. Nail fungus affects people with diabetes because they suffer from poor circulation of blood to their toe nails. In this case a minor injury to the feet may lead to serious complications. This is why it is advisable to see your doctor if you are suffering from nail fungus. There are very many preventive measures to control nail fungus. Nail fungus can be prevented by washing your hands and feet on a regular basis. Ensure you wash your hands every time you touch your infected nail. This helps in ensuring that you don’t spread the infection. After you wash your nails ensure that you moisturize them. Ensure you disinfect your nail cutter before cutting your nails. Start from trimming straight across the nails and then smoothing the edges with a file whenever you decide to trim your nails. Ensure that you also file down thickened areas of your nails. After trimming disinfect your nail clipper. You can prevent nail fungus by wearing sweat-absorbing socks. Another way to prevent nail fungus is by changing socks throughout the day. This is because nail fungus commonly affects people whose sweat a lot. Another way of preventing nail fungus is wearing footwear when walking in damp communal areas like swimming pools. Buy shoes that are made of materials that can breathe. You can avoid contracting nail fungus by giving up on nail polish and artificial nails.